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Trentino-Alto Adige

Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol German, Ladino Trentin-Südtirol, also Trentin-Sudtirol) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy. He consists of the provinces of Trento and Bolzano (Bozen in German). In Bolzan speaks German majority and the region was part of Austria-Hungary (and the re-agar The Austrian Empire) from 1815 until it was annexed by Italy in 1919. The official name was Venezia Tridentina between 1919 and 1947, Trentino-Alto Adige / Tiroler Etschland between 1947 and 1972. Alto Adige is part of the Tyrol region, and its name is in South Tyrol in many languages​​.

The region was conquered by the Romans in 15 BC. After the Western Roman Empire fall was divided between the Lombards (from the south and up to Salorno), Alamanni (Vinschgau-Val Venosta) and bayrarar (from Bolzano to Brenner). After the Kingdom of Italy was established under Charlemagne included the counties of Trento, Bolzano and Venosta, while the Duchy of Bavaria received in other sectors in the region.
From 1000 century onwards were parts of the region ruled by fyrstbiskopane of Trento and Brixen, as the German-Roman emperors had given sweeping power. The rest was part of the county of Tyrol, but in 1363 gave the last ruler Maultasch Margarete of Gorizia (von Görz) to the House of Habsburg. The region became Germanized early Renaissance (1300s) and important German poets like Oswald von Wolkenstein was originally from Trentino-Alto Adige.

In 1943, when Italy signed a ceasefire with the Allies in the region was occupied by Germany. The region was de facto annexed by Germany (as well as the province of Belluno ) until the end of the war. The occupation even in layers of war in 1945.
Italy and Austria negotiated an agreement in 1946 , put into practice in 1947 in conjunction with the Italian constitution was promulgated, that region should have significant autonomy . German and Italian would be both official languages ​​, and it should be allowed with German language schools . The implementation of the agreement was not satisfactory for either the tysktalande area or the Austrian Government and the matter created much tensions between the two countries and was raised in the United Nations in 1960. Further negotiations took place in 1961 , but the parties were not agree , partly because of the terrorist actions of tysktalande separatists .
The case was first solved in 1971 when a new agreement was signed and ratified . He said among other things that the disputes in the province of Bolzano should be decided by the International Court in The Hague , that the province would receive greater autonomy from Italy and Austria would not interfere in Bolzano their internal affairs . This new agreement proved to work and terrorist acts disappeared . After Austria became an EU member in 1995 has also collaborated across borders improved too .

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