Molise is the second smallest of the regions in Italy and is situated south of the country. Until 1963 it was part of the region of Abruzzi e Molise, when it was divided into Molise and Abruzzo. The region has an area of ​​4,438 km ² and has about 300,000 inhabitants. Campobasso is the regional capital.

It adjoins the Abruzzo in the north, Lazio to the west, Campania to the south, Puglia in the south and the Adriatic coast in the northeast. Some believe that the province ‘s keeper left, while others thinks this just gives the region a charm and authenticity are lakes out in other parts of Italy.

The landscape consists of wide plains that slopes down towards the Adriatic coast. Further inland terrain consists of hills roll duck. To the north is the higher -lying area. Farmland is very fertile and the region differs in that one almost can not find some sort of form of fencing any locations.

Many of the villages in the inland areas are almost abandoned since the youths are moving to the larger towns to find work.

In Larino area lies villages close, and these often consist of a church or a cathedral for Larino, on a hilltop with a mellomalderby around.
The region is sometimes referred to as ” depleted “, since an unusually large portion of the population has university education. Most of them have moved north to work for companies in the richer regions.

Molise has been inhabited for thousands of years and has a proud heritage. The arena in Larino is T.D. older than the Colosseum in Rome and the ruins at Sepinum is very well preserved and gives a good insight into the sophisticated samnittarstammene, which together with frentanarar dominated region. Samnittarane was a hardy strain of høglendarar who beat the Romans in battle for a long time.

After the Roman Empire ‘s fall in 476 Molise was invaded by Gotar ( 535 ) and then by langobardarar in 572 and annexed to the Duchy of Benevento. Then followed a difficult time with invasions from Saracens, who in 860 destroyed Isernia, Telese, Alife, Sepino, Boiano and Venafro. In the 900 number had occurred nine counties : Venafro, Larino, Trivento, Bojano, Isernia, Campomarino, Termoli, Sangro and Pietrabbondante.

In 1095 came the most impressive of them, Bojano, under Norman Hugo I of Molhouse his reign, which probably gave its name to the region. Follow Jaren his Ugo II was Count of Molise in 1144.
The region reemerged in the late 1200s. Cathedral in Larino was built in 1314. Franciscan convent in the same city was built, together with the bell tower in 1312.

The 1500s were Molise part of the province capitanata ( Puglia ) and in 1806 it became an autonomous province, including in the region of Abruzzi.
In the 1800s, the economic circumstances worse for citizens and this during the unification of Italy ( 1861 ) led to looting and massive emigration to other countries and the more industrialized areas of Italy.
During World War II, the vast destruction, in the area until the Allied forces managed to land at Termoli in September 1943. Large allied forces were stationary in Campobasso, who was called ” Maple Leaf City ” ( Salary Sheet town ) of Canadian troops.

Molise is the newest of the Italian regions and was established in 1963 when the region Abruzzi e Molise was split into two regions.

Source: Wikipedia
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